D412 A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development

Event Facts

  • 1 Nov. 2021
  • 2 Nov. 2021
  • 3 Nov. 2021
  • 4 Nov. 2021
  • 5 Nov. 2021
  • 8 Nov. 2021
  • 9 Nov. 2021
  • 10 Nov. 2021
  • 11 Nov. 2021
  • 12 Nov. 2021
Half-day sessions, starting in the mornings for the Americas and afternoons for Europe, Africa and Middle East. Any variation to this will be communicated in advance.
Event Code:
10 sessions
Stephanie Kape, Pete Smith
Booking Status:
Limited Availability
GBP £3,735 (Exclusive of tax)

Course Facts

Course Code:
5 days
Virtual Classroom
4 Continuing Education Units
40 Professional Development Hours
Certificate Issued Upon Completion


Business Impact: Participants will be empowered to collaborate between disciplines and add value in the development of upstream assets.

This course is designed to address the decision-based technical workflow that is a pre-requisite to appraisal and development investments. Participants will learn the background theory behind all aspects of reservoirs, from the micro- to seismic-scale, integrating the static and dynamic domains and how to model them. The course covers a range of disciplines, using an integrated subsurface approach with reference to a robust business and commercial framework.

Duration and Training Method

A virtual classroom course divided into 10 three to three and a half hour webinar sessions (equivalent to a five-day classroom course), comprising lectures, discussion, case studies, and practical exercises to be completed by participants during and between sessions.


 Participants will learn to:
  1. Assess the sources of the wide range of data which contribute to the understanding and development of hydrocarbon reservoirs, their use and associated uncertainty.
  2. Understand the different scales of data and how to bring it together into a decision-based workflow including; the pore-scale properties of a reservoir, depositional heterogeneities, fracturing and dual porosity systems, compartmentalisation, seismic-scale uncertainty and how they may influence development decisions.
  3. Evaluate how to combine uncertainties for projects at different stages of the E&P lifecycle and select key variables in a probabilistic evaluation to manage uncertainty by acquiring additional data (appraisal) or design of interventions (contingency) within a Value of Information framework.
  4. Discuss and analyse the controls and uncertainty of the hydrocarbon distribution in a reservoir (properties, contacts and saturations).
  5. Evaluate the use of both static and dynamic reservoir models as part of the decision making process.
  6. Assess the pitfalls and best practices in building and using simulation models for appraisal and development decision making and hence assess the implications of the construction, structure and limitations of reservoir simulators.
  7. Understand the importance of assessing fluid properties and fluid and rock PVT for reservoir description, material balance and flow assurance.
  8. Evaluate how reservoir energy (including aquifers), fluid responses, drive mechanisms and EOR processes are assessed and managed to maximise planned recovery.
  9. Understand the technical aspects of well testing and its use in both appraisal and development decisions as well as the potential to deepen understanding of the reservoir description.
  10. Develop an understanding of the resources and reserves booking philosophy as it appertains to reservoir appraisal and development.
Webinar 1
  • Introduction
  • Heuristics Quiz
  • Business Framework
  • Risk and Uncertainty
  • Decisions with Uncertainty

Webinar 2

  • Data
    • Measured and Interpreted Data
    • Seismic Data and Mapping Topics
    • Wireline & MWD data
    • Core data

Webinar 3

  •  Micro scale structure of the reservoir
    • Characteristics of pores
    • Clastic reservoirs
    • Controls of depositonal setting on pore structure
    • Compaction, diagenesis and effective stress
    • Exceptional porosity preservation 
    • Carbonate & Chalk Reservoirs
    • Processes that modify carbonate pore structure
    • Clays and Fine grained reservoirs


Webinar 4

  • Fluids & Contacts
  • Flow Zones
    • Analogue studies showing different flow zones in a reservoir context
  • Heterogeneous Reservoirs
    • Reservoir architecture and its impact on connectivity
    • Fluvial Reservoirs and case examples
    • Turbidite reservoirs and case examples

Webinar 5

  • Fluids and PVT data
  • Multi-Phase Flow
  • Reservoir Mechanisms
  • Secondary and Tertiary Recovery
  • Secondary Recovery and Geological heterogeneity
  • Gas and Aquifers
  • Well Productivity

Webinar 6

  • Range Estimation
  • Answers to Heuristic Quiz
  • Value of Information (Appraisal)
  • Value of Information (Intervention)
  • Alpha Exercise 2.2

Webinar 7

  • Static Modelling
    • Framing the problem
    • Model construction and gridding
    • Well correlation and scenarios (analogue Field case study)
    • The Scale problem
    • Geological variance and the use of core data
    • Population of properties
    • Uncertainty, scenarios and workflows
    • Grids, Layering and Upscaling
    • Distributing the physical properties of the reservoir
    • Connectivity and architecture
    • Upscaling
    • Multi scale workflows
    • Modelling output


Webinar 8

  • Reservoirs in Contractional belts
  • Faults and Fractured Reservoirs
    • Architecture of faults and damage zones
    • Fault Rock properties
    • Breakdown of fault rocks
    • Naturally Fractured Reservoirs
    • Geomechanics of fracture formation
    • Fracture density
    • Modelling fractured reservoirs
  • Reservoir Seals
    • Controls on seals
    • Mudrocks as seals
  • Alpha Exercise 3.3

Webinar 9

  • Probability Estimation
  • Static to dynamic – upscaling and dynamic properties
  • Reservoir Dynamic Modelling
  • Matching the dynamic model to the static model
  • History matching and forward prediction
  • Well testing
    • From an engineering perspective
    • Interpretation from a geological perspective
  • Alpha Exercise 4.4

Webinar 10

  • Well, Reservoir and Field Management
  • Development planning and optimisation
  • Reserves and Resources
  • Wrap-up

Who should attend

The course is designed for experienced geoscientists who have been involved in field appraisal and development. It is also aimed at petrophysicists and reservoir engineers wishing to gain a greater insight into the geoscience input to reservoir models as well as deepen the knowledge of how subsurface data is integrated into providing a complete picture. Team leaders and asset managers involved in the planning and execution of subsurface reservoir modelling projects will also benefit.

Prerequisites and linking courses

Ideally participants should have some field appraisal and development experience prior to their participation. N012 (Reservoir Modelling Field Class) is a field class examining the construction and uses of stochastic reservoir models at the Skilled Application Level and complements course N412. N033 (Characterisation, Modelling, Simulation and Development Planning in Deepwater Clastic Reservoirs - Tabernas, Spain) are also recommended follow-up courses, which review field-based reservoir development and modelling analogues.

Stephanie Kape

Dr. Stephanie Kape has over 25 years of experience in the Oil and Gas Industry and is currently an independent consultant geologist at Salar Geoscience Ltd.

After graduating, Stephanie spent 5 years working as a consultant structural geologist with Midland Valley in Glasgow, working on a range of exploration and development projects worldwide. In 2001, Stephanie joined Amerada Hess Ltd as a production geologist based in Aberdeen. She moved to Canadian Natural Resources in 2003 as a Development Geologist and worked the mature North Sea portfolio.

In 2005, Stephanie joined BG Group in Reading working the HPHT exploration, development and appraisal portfolio of the UK Central North Sea. In this role she developed a number of models for fluvial reservoirs, working on the issues and predicting reservoir deliverability. In 2008 Stephanie joined the Subsurface Assurance Team in BG, as part of an internal technical auditor, reviewing the company’s exploration, appraisal and development projects worldwide. A six month secondment to the Brazil Development team working on carbonates followed and a two year stint in the Global New Ventures team and as exploration team lead within the Europe E&P business at BG.

Throughout her career as a development geologist, Stephanie has worked with reservoir models and has acted as an internal focus for Reservoir modelling. She has maintained an interest in fluvial sedimentology and the integration of this with other disciplines to build effective predictive models, publishing and presenting at conferences.

Affiliations and Accreditation
PhD University of Birmingham - Geology
BSc University of Manchester - Geology
C.Geol - Chartered Geologist
Geological Society

Courses Taught
D530: Shore to Shelf Depositional Systems (Virtual Outcrops)
D534: Delta Plain to Base of Slope Reservoir Systems: Outcrop, Seismic, and Production Analogues in a Sequence Stratigraphic Context
N108: Exploration and Geological Model Development in Fluvial Reservoirs
N412: A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development
N415: Reservoir Characterisation for Appraisal and Development
N432: Clastic Reservoir Characterisation for Appraisal and Development (Southern Pyrenees, Spain)

Pete Smith

Pete trained as a reservoir engineer and researcher firstly at the UK government research Institute of Hydrology Oxford, before joining BP’s research team to lead the development of novel modelling methods; building the first stochastic models to describe multi-phase fluid-flow in reservoir rocks. Moving into BP operational activities was responsible for creating the processes for managing the uncertainty in value and reserves in new field developments that became the BP standard approach.

Assignments with BP included lead engineer on Dukhan, Arab C Reservoir, Qatar; the appraisal and financial sanction of the Harding, Andrew, Foinaven and Schiehalion fields in the UKCS and managing the operated production in the Gulf of Mexico. Pete was also the founding director of the BP Institute at Cambridge University concerned with fundamental research in fluid-flow and was responsible for building their environmental technology across the BP group as Technology Vice President.

Pete helped establish the new Engineering University in Trinidad & Tobago as Associate Provost (R&D) and Professor of Petroleum Engineering between 2004 and 2008. On return to the UK, Pete became Principal Advisor in Reservoir Engineering at RPS Energy leading company reserve audits. In 2010 Pete led the Upstream Risk Management advisory activity and in 2011 became Chief Reservoir Engineer. In 2018 Pete left RPS Energy to form his own company, ReganSmith Associates, that provides training courses and consultancy to the Oil and Gas Industry.

Affiliations and Accreditation
BSc Mathematics
MSc Differential Equations
PhD Earth Sciences
C Eng. FEI Chartered Petroleum Engineer

Courses Taught
N401: Applied Development Planning
N412: A Critical Guide to Reservoir Appraisal and Development
N447: The Identification and Prioritisation of Opportunities for Effective Resource Progression
N952: Resource Assessment and Assurance
N954: Practical Approaches to Increased Recovery
N963: Fluid Flow Mechanisms - Observations of Rocks at Outcrop and Implications to Reservoir Engineering (SW Ireland)
N995: Managing Uncertainty and Risk in Appraisal and Development
R001: Oil and Gas Essentials

Alternative Dates for this Course

Related Subjects

"Gives a general but solid overview of the oil and gas industry, especially the business and decision making. Very important, particularly at the beginning of the career."